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List of publications from 1996 to 2001

CUDMORE, L.

(1996) Infertility and the Couple. In Clulow C. (ed) Partners Becoming Parents, London, Sheldon.

(1996) Fertility Counselling: A Couple Approach. In Journal of Fertility Counselling Vol 3. No 2.

(1996) In Parenting Forum. Spring 1996. Issue No. 2: Who's Fit to be a Parent: Mukti Jain Campion, Routledge 1995.

CLULOW, C.

(1996) Editor Partners Becoming Parents, London, Sheldon.This book examines the interplay between partnering and parenting roles from different professional perspectives. Two fundamental questions are addressed: how do children change the relationship between their parents, and what relevance has the adult couple relationship for healthy child development. It is based on a series of public lectures organised by the Tavistock Marital Studies Institute.

1996 CLULOW, C. Introduction In Clulow C. (ed) Partners Becoming Parents, London Sheldon. Setting the scene for the book, this chapter questions whether the practice of child-rearing is becoming disconnected from the commitment between parents and partners. A contextual summary for themes addressed by other contributors.

1996 CLULOW, C. Are Two Parents Necessary? In Clulow (ed) Partners Becoming Parents, London Sheldon. In this chapter the relationship between family structure and process is considered. Attention is focused on processes of fusion and differentiation that accompany the parenting cycle and affect adult partnerships. A contemporary view of the Oedipal situation is invoked to answer the question raised by the chapter title, which reverts attention to the relationship between the process raised at the outset.

1996 CLULOW, C. Preventing Marriage Breakdown: Towards a New Paradigm. Sexual and Marital Therapy. Vol 11, No 4 pp 343-351. A critical summary of three paradigms commonly used in relation to thinking about strategies for preventing marriage breakdown; the policing, medical and educational models. The consultative model is proposed as a fourth paradigm and an area where there is considerable potential for development.

1996 CLULOW, C. Is Marriage Necessary? In Haldane, D. and Love F. (eds) Marriage Now: Asking Questions. Edinburgh Marriage Counselling Scotland. Published as one of a series of public lectures commissioned by Marriage Counselling Scotland on the occasion of the International Year of the Family, this paper considers the relationship-cum-institution of marriage as situated on the boundary between public and private worlds, and past and present realities, and considers its changing social and personal functions. The role of counselling/psychotherapy is considered in this context. A reply to the paper from the Hon Lord Clyde is included in the book

1996 CLULOW, C. The Information Session, in National Council for Family Proceedings Newsletter, Winter. No. 9, pp. 2-8. The text of a paper delivered at a conference organised by the NCFP that critically assesses the proposal to include an information session as part of the mandatory procedures for securing a divorce under the 1996 Family Law Act.

1996 COLMAN, W. Aspects of Anima and Animus in Oedipal Development. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 41, No. 1, pp.
37-57. This paper aims to insert the contrasexual archetype into the dynamic narrative of the Oedipus complex. Anima and animus are initially mediated by the oedipally loved parent and subsequent manifestations bear the imprint not only of the parent themselves but of the entire complex of object relationships in which Oedipal love is embedded. Successful resolution of the Oedipus complex depends on freeing the anima/animus from its Oedipal bonds so that its function as a bridge to the unconscious can be realised. The clinical material explores the damaging impact of a split parental couple on this process and the positive role of idealisation as a stimulus to psychic development.

1996 RUSZCZYNSKI, S. The Secret Contract in Marriage. In Family Secrets, British Association of Psychotherapists. Monograph No. 6, February.

1996 RUSZCZYNSKI, S. Enid Balint and the beginning of the Psychoanalytical Understanding and Treatment of the Marital Relationship. Bulletin of the Society of Psychoanalytical Marital Psychotherapists, Vol. 3 pp 4-7.

1996 ROSENTHALL, J. Love is Lovelier th Second Time Around. In Clulow, C. (eds) Partners Becoming Parents. London: Sheldon.

1996 JUDD D, & ERSKINE A. American edition of 'The Imaginative Body - Psychodynamic Therapy in Healthcare'. Published by Jason Aronson, edited by D.Judd & A. Erskine.

1997 HUGHES L. and PENGELLY P. Staff Supervision in a Turbulent Environment, London: Jessica Kingsley.

1997 MATTINSON, J. The Deadly Equal Triangle, London: Tavistock Marital Studies Institute.

1997 CLULOW, C. Roots of Irrationality in Marriage. The Bulletin (Journal of Catholic Marriage Care) Vol 37 No 145 pp 8-17.

This address to the jubilee conference of Marriage Care contrasts the 'sense' of education strategies for preventing marriage breakdown with the 'sensibilities' of people fashioned by their early attachment experiences. Attention is paid to how strategies for managing attachment-related anxieties can be manifested in the way people talk, and the implications of this for 'talking therapies'.

1997 CLULOW, C. Editorial: Communicating Across Therapeutic Cultures. Sexual and Marital Therapy. Vol. 12, No. 1 pp 3-4.

Christopher Clulow's editorial in Sexual Marital Therapy under-scores his reason for and mission in taking on the role of the Journal's Therapies Editor - seeking to communicate across professional disciplines to 'provide opportunities for a rich, multi-dimensional understanding of couples relationships to emerge'.

1997 CUDMORE, L. The Loss of the Fantasy Baby. Journal of Fertility Counselling, Vol. 4 (2), pp 16-18.

Mourning the Imagined Child. This paper explores the difficulties couples face when mourning a baby who has never been known in reality. With an ever increasing number of miracle treatments for infertility, couples face difficult decisions about when to stop treatment, face the reality of not having children and begin the mourning process. As the relationship with the imagined baby is a fantasy relationship' it is inevitably heavily laden with parental projections. The absence of a real baby makes mourning particularly difficult.

1997 FISHER, J.V., and CRANDELL, L.E. Complex Attachment: Patterns of Relating in the Couple, Sexual & Marital Therapy. Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 211-223.

This paper offers a preliminary description of a model of complex attachment in adult couple relationships that encompasses attachment theory and an object relations approach to couple functioning. The authors draw on the theoretical and empirical bases of the Strange Situation Test, the Adult Attachment Interview and data from a TMSI pilot study to formulate patterns of complex attachment. A conceptualisation of couple functioning is offered which allows for both the fixed and reciprocal ways in which one partner may act as the attachment figure for the other.

1997 JUDD, D. Mourning. Journal of Fertility Counselling. Vol. 4 (2), pp. 19-20.

This paper briefly explores the mourning process: from the infant's processing of inevitable losses to adult bereavement and its reverberations in the inner world. Obstacles to this normal process are considered. This abridged paper was part of a presentation to the British Infertility Counselling Association, and was clearly relevant to the couples facing infertility.

1997 JUDD, D. Understanding the Inner World of the Child. Feedback: Magazine of the Family Therapy Association of Ireland. Vol. 7 (1), pp 24-27.

This paper briefly traces the development of the infant's inner world, from before birth, through to the development of phantasy, symbolisation, and play. Brief examples of children's struggles to make sense of the world are given, followed by a brief look at the psychic tasks of adolescence and some ways in which they can break down. This paper was delivered as part of a Workshop on the Inner world of the Child given in Dublin in October 1996.

1997 JUDD, D. A Psychoanalytic Understanding of the Child with Cancer. Newsletter of the Psychosocial Oncology Society. September, pp 6-8.

This article explains how a psychoanalytic approach adds depth and breadth to the understanding of the child with cancer. It briefly looks at the impact of trauma; the parental function for the seriously ill child which the author conceptualises as a 'protective filter'; the application of 'containment'; institutional defences; the impact of separation; mourning, and contains a Bibliography of over thirty titles.

1997 JUDD, D. and CUDMORE, L. The Impact of a Child's Death on the Parents' Relationships. In A Portrait of Family Grief: Babies, Children, Trauma, Grief and Crisis. Conference Proceedings. London: Child Bereavement Trust.

This paper discusses some preliminary thoughts about the impact of a child's death on the parent's relationship as a couple. When the paper was written, the research project that focused on this theme was still in its early stages. The paper looked broadly at the difficulties couples face when both partners are grieving as a result of traumatic loss, and when they mourn in different ways. The ideas were illustrated with two clinical examples.

1997 RUSZCZYNSKI, S. Oedipus Revisited: Transference Enactments in Psychoanalytic Couple Psychotherapy, Interazioni. Vol. 2, pp. 11-26.

In this paper it is argued that the couple relationship, created and nurtured by the two marital partners should be considered as a psychic object in its own right which, symbolically constitutes the third element in the marital relationship. The 'marital triangle' creates a space within which it is possible to think about the separate needs of the two partners and also the needs of the relationship; it may also help contain a possible real third object such as a baby. The degree to which couples are able to create this 'marital triangle' rests on the degree to which each partner, both separately or together, can work through earlier oedipal anxieties.

1997 RUSZCZYNSKI, S. Facts of Life. Relate Annual Review. pp.
14-15.

In a specially commissioned editorial article the argument is put forward that an apparent opposition between individuality and intimate attachment is a misconception. The two are interwoven with each other; true intimacy rests on the recognition of the separateness of the other; true independence rests on the recognition of the need for the other. It is considered that this 'fact of life' gives permanence to the intimate couple relationship, whatever social/cultural/political influences come along to shape the specificity of that relating.

1997 SHMUELI, A., and CLULOW, C. Marital Therapy: Definition and Development. Current Opinion in Psychiatry. Vol. 10, pp. 247-250.

Marital Therapy: the past year reviewed. A brief review paper for Current Opinion in Psychiatry focused on the contemporary practice of marital therapy from a wide range of theoretical perspectives as evidenced by English language publications over the past year, In highlighting the couple as 'patient' it became clear that whilst he marital field was alive, Luborsky's (1975) 'Dodo Verdict' on individual psychotherapy (that 'all therapies work and all must have prizes'), equally applies to the field of marital therapy. The past year has seen some important papers on research issues within the marital field, which have also illustrated the need for research from the psychoanalytic community. The review underlined the need for greater clarity and definition of both theoretical and clinical work.

1997 VINCENT, C. The Impact of the Client's Emotional State. Newsletter of the National Council for Family Proceedings. Issue 11. pp 11-14.

This paper builds on the 'Consulting to Divorcing Couples' article in Family Law (December 1995). The paper discusses the models of consultation used in the project and draws a distinction made by Bridger (Malcolm Miller Lecture 1989, AUP) between a client-centred and a consultant-centred model of consultation. The paper also analyses in detail case illustrations of the paranoid and pseudo-depressive patterns of presentation found in the divorcing sample.

1998 CLULOW, C Gender, Attachment and Communication in Marriage. Sexual and Marital Therapy, 13, 4 pp 449-640
This is the text of a paper presented at the meeting of the Commissions on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations in Oxford, England on 28 June, 1998. It considers communication patterns in partnerships as a function of gender and as a reflection of attachment styles that transcend gender.

1998 LANMAN, M. Seeing couples. Counselling, August, 9 3, pp217-218.

1998 LANMAN, M. The Human Container: containment as an active process. Psychodynamic Counselling, 4, 4, November, pp 463-472.

1998 RUSZCZYNSKI, S. The 'Marital Triangle': Towards 'Triangular Space' in the Intimate Couple Relationship. Journal of the British Association of Psychotherapists. Vol. 34, No. 31, pp. 33-47.

1998 HALDANE, D. AND VINCENT C. Threesomes in psychodynamic couple psychotherapy. Sexual & Marital Therapy, 13, 4, pp 385-396.

1998 HALDANE, D. AND VINCENT C. The Loan Therapist, the Couple and their Problem: Reflections on Threesomes. Bulletin of the Society of Psychoanalytical Marital Psychotherapists. Issue 5., pp 10-17.

Douglas Haldane, who is an honorary member of SPMP, collaborated with Christopher Vincent in writing this paper which seeks to unravel some of the reasons why threesome therapy with couples is relatively under-reported when compared to the literature on co-therapy with couples. They suggest that the dynamics of threesome relationships undermine the thinking capacity of therapists working in this mode. It is difficult for the single therapist to establish a satisfactory working distance from the client couple because it revives oedipal anxieties. Feelings of exclusion, on the one hand, or being overwhelmed on the other, are commonly encountered. Feelings of shame may also be elicited if the focus on the couple is lost and alliances with one of the clients at the expense of the other are made.

1999 HALDANE, D. AND VINCENT, C. Threesomes in Psychodynamic Couple Psychotherapy. Sexual & Marital Therapy. Vol. 13, No.4, pp 385-396.

There is a dearth of literature on the implications for therapists working on their own with both spouses or partners (threesomes) and even less on their dynamics as a three-person system. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the literature and to explore some aspects of the experience of working in this mode. The paper places current threesome practice in context by locating it within the overall development of couple psychotherapy and counselling in the UK and by referring to important texts in the professional and research literature. The authors suggest that two major difficulties inherent in threesome couple work explain why professional reflection is absent in this area of practice. First, the emotional power of couple dynamics can result in the therapist feeling either overwhelmed or, alternatively, excluded. In both cases the capacity for professional self-reflection is either minimal or attacked. Second, therapists working on their own may experience shame when their focus on the couple is lost and alliances with one partner at the expense of the other are formed.

1999 FISHER J. The Uninvited Guest. Emerging from Narcissism towards Marriage. London: Karnac.

This book brings together the insights of psychoanalysis and their application to work with troubled couples with an original and closely argued reading of some classic plays about marriage. Marriage is conceptualised as 'the inheritor of the tension and the intimacy of the Oedipal drama', making the couple relationship a potent place for therapeutic intervention, as well as for exploration in drama.

1999 STANTON, M. Primal absence and loss. In Mann, D (ed) Erotic transference and countertransference: Clinical practice in psychotherapy. London: Routledge.

1999 CLULOW, C Bindungsmuster und Kommunikation in der Ehe. Publ. Details: Wege zum Menschen 51, 6 pp319-331

German publication of ‘Attachment and Communication in Marriage’.

1999 JUDD, D ‘Bereavement’ – leaflet. Published by the Child Psychotherapy Trust.

This leaflet is part of a series, and is aimed at parents, GPs, teachers, etc. It covers the range of children’s reactions to bereavement, and suggests ways of understanding and helping children.

1999 TARSH, H & BOLLINGHAUS, E. ‘Shared Unconscious Phantasy: Reality or Illusion?’ Published in ‘Sexual & Marital Therapy’. Vol.14 No. 2, 1999

2000 CLULOW, C A note on Wolves and the Woof. Newsletter of the Goldsmiths Association of Group Psychotherapists, Vol 1, No 3. Pp 1-3.

Summary of the literary context of Edward Albee’s play ‘Who’s Afraid of Virginia Wolf’ used as an illustration for a paper on attachment, narcissism and object relating in violent marriages.

2000 CLULOW, C Supporting Marriage in the Theatre of Divorce. In Thorpe, M and Clarke, E (eds) No Fault or Flaw. The Future of the Family Law Act 1996. Bristol: Jordan.

An examination of how changing juridical procedures might affect interdisciplinary relationships in the family justice system. A critique of the measures in the 1996 Family Law Act aimed at supporting marriage, focusing on psychological processes and their potential for affecting how proposed procedures might work out.

2000 JUDD, D ‘The Never Land – loss of an idealised pre-birth place and the gain of a thinking mind’. Journal of Child Psychotherapy vol. 26(2) August 2000. Pages 235-257

2000 CLULOW, C. ‘Marriage/Relationship counselling’, in M. Davis (ed) The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Social Work, Oxford, Blackwell, pp206-208

Encyclopaedia entry defining marriage and relationship counselling.

2000 VINCENT, C. ‘Clinical reflections on unresolved and unclassifiable states of mind’, in C. Clulow (ed) Adult Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: the Secure Base in Practice and Research, (chap. 7) Brunner Routledge.

2000 VINCENT, C. ‘Sexuality and the Older Woman’. Literature review submitted to the Pennell Initiative for Women’s Health.

2001 CLULOW, C., RIDDELL, J., AND SHMUELI, A. ‘Working with intangible loss,’ in C. Clulow (ed) Adult Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy, Brunner: Routledge.

The dilemmas faced by a couple in dealing with unresolved loss are considered from both an attachment and psychoanalytic perspective. loss in personal history is reflected in issues surrounding the ending of the therapy itself.

2001 CLULOW, C. (Ed.) Adult Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy. The ‘Secure Base’ in Practice and Research. London: Brunner-Routledge

Divided into three sections this book looks first at what secure and insecure partnerships look like in attachment terms, drawing on research and practice perspectives. The second part of the book considers clinical applications, linking attachment and object relations theories to inform the practice of couple psychotherapy. Part three considers the place of training, organisation and environment in constituting a secure base for professional practice. Contributors are drawn from both sides of the Atlantic to juxtapose research and practice disciplines and theoretical difference.

2001 JUDD, D ‘To Walk the last Bit on my Own’ – Narcissistic independence or identification with good objects. Journal of Child Psychotherapy.

2001 CLULOW, C Counselling in Domestic Violence Situations, Relate Newsletter, Issue 70, March 2001

A summary of some factors that may predispose towards domestic violence as viewed from the perspective of attachment theory. Implications for couple counselling and psychotherapy are explored.

2001 OLNEY, F. ‘The Counsellor and the Couple’, Counselling in Practice, 7(1), Jan 2001.

2001 VINCENT, C. Book Review: ‘Jung and the Postmodern: The Interpretation of Realities’ Routledge. Journal of Analytical Psychology.