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List of Publications from 1986 - 1990

(1986). BALFOUR, F., CLULOW, C.F., and DEARNLEY, B. The outcome of maritally focused psychotherapy offered as a possible model for marital psychotherapy outcome studies. British Journal of Psychotherapy, 3. No. 2, pp 133-143.
A model for describing and evaluating change in a couple relationship is set out, drawing on a follow-up method established at the Tavistock Clinic for the assessment of change in individual patients.


(1986). CLULOW, C.F., DEARNLEY, B., and BALFOUR, F. Shared phantasy and therapeutic structure in a brief marital psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychotherapy, 3. No. 2, pp 124-132.
The paper examines the interrelationship between an unconscious shared phantasy which had produced deadlock in a marriage and two aspects of a brief therapeutic offer of six sessions, namely its brevity and the decision to see partners separately.


(1986) CLULOW, C.F. Research into practice. Marriage Guidance, 22. No. 1, pp 7-15.
A review article summarising and commenting on three research reports emanating from the National Marriage Guidance Council which concerned counsellor/client relationships.
1986 CLULOW, C.F. Social aspects of the experience of early parenthood. In Family and Social Action: Couples and children. London: F.S.A.
Discussion notes which ask questions about the nature of the problems associated with becoming parents, the kind of community which exists for them and areas for change.


(1987). CLULOW, C.F. and VINCENT, C. In the child's best interests? Divorce court welfare and the search for a settlement. London: Tavistock, Sweet and Maxwell. pp 272.
The work of a team of specialist divorce court welfare officers and their clients is described in detail, with the experiences of the professionals seen in terms of the experiences of their client parents. The nature of the often intractable problems of parents litigating over their children is examined in connection with unresolved attachments to former partners and the context of welfare work.


(1987). CLULOW, C. Petitioning for a clean break. The Guardian 1 July.
A warning comment about proposals for a new Family Court being seen as a panacea for resolving combative and damaging behaviour during divorce.


(1987). CLULOW, C. Being more than two: Impacts of children on married couples. Gloucester: Gloucestershire Association for Family Life. pp 16.
A summary of research findings about the impact of children on marital satisfaction and stability, including some observations from psychotherapeutic practice.


(1988). CLULOW, C.F. Marriage: losing our illusions. Values, 3. No. 1, pp 8-10.
An exploration of the gap between statistics which indicate high levels of divorce and images of married security fostered at public and personal levels. Some illusions associated with married life are discussed, and it is argued that disillusionment is part of the experience of healthy development in marriage.


(1988). CLULOW, C. et al. Responding to involuntary childlessness. Den Haag: Nederlandse Gezinsraad Instituut voor Primaire Leefvormen.
Summary of the proceedings of a conference organised by the Commission on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations and the Nederlandse Gezinsraad. Reviews the causes of childlessness, developments in medical techniques, meanings of infertility (social and personal) and the implications of different responses. Includes papers by Professor Rood-De Boer, Dr Alberda and Mr Richelle of the Netherlands.


(1988). COLMAN, W. After the Fall: original loss and the limits of redemption. Free Associations, 13. pp 59-83.
This paper explores experiences of catastrophic loss drawing on psychoanalytic concepts of early development and the story of the Fall, with particular reference to Milton's Paradise Lost. The origins of evil are linked to inevitable experiences of separation and 'original loss' which, if beyond the individual's integrative threshold, function as ever-painful wounds and may produce defensive identification with a paranoid, envious and revengeful 'satanic complex'.


(1988). MATTINSON, J.M. Work, love and marriage: the impact of unemployment. London: Duckworth. pp 222.
An exploration of the psychological meanings invested in different kinds of work by individuals and couples, it shows how some jobs, like some marriages, may be used to contain emotional conflicts. The loss of work is considered in this context, and the special difficulties of those employed to help the unemployed are discussed. A teaching video has been based on the book.


(1988). MATTINSON, J.M. Love on the dole. The Guardian, 8 June.
This article summarises the links between a changed marital relationship and the unemployment of one partner described in detail in the book Work, love and marriage.


(1989). CLULOW, C.F. The adversarial ego. Solicitors Family Law Association Newsletter. No. 26, p 104.
A note on the psychological processes affecting besieged families which can make notions of fault, blame and adversarial procedures more comprehensible than the aims of recent developments in the juridical system.


(1989). CLULOW, C.F. Does marriage matter? In Chester, R. Does marriage matter? Three perspectives. London: Marriage Research Centre.
The text of an address, the paper explores the balance between commitment and choice in modern marriage, taking especial account of the couple's internal worlds in managing tensions deriving from it.


(1989). CLULOW, C.F. Second marriage. In National Stepfamily Association: Working with stepfamilies. Cambridge: N.S.A.
The text of an address, the paper considers the emotional environment which sustains, or fails to sustain, second and subsequent marriages, taking account of the part children play in affecting the dynamics of reconstituted families.


(1989). CLULOW, C.F. Child applications and contested divorce. Family Law, 19. May, pp 198-200.
The paper describes three categories of conflictful divorce (drawn from a sample of parents subject to court welfare enquiries) and patterns of interaction associated with them in which unresolved attachments to the broken marriage played a part in motivating child access and custody disputes. It is suggested that a lengthy history of divorce- associated litigation, very discrepant accounts of events by and the avoidance of direct communication between parents over a prolonged period of time are predictive of a very low likelihood of success for efforts at conciliation.


(1989). CLULOW, C.F. and MATTINSON, J. Marriage inside out: understanding problems of intimacy. Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp 198.
An exploration of how disparate public and private expectations of marriage complicate - and can even cause - many problems commonly experienced by couples. An examination of the psychological ties that bind partners to each other and how they can generate tensions at different stages in life.


(1989). COHEN, N. Reflections on the November 1988 issue of the Journal of Social Work Practice. Journal of Social Work Practice, 4. No. 1, pp 107-108.
Comments on a series of articles which emerged from a seminar on psychotherapy across cultures held at the Tavistock Centre.


(1989). COLMAN, W. On call: the work of a telephone helpline for child abusers. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press. pp 82.
A detailed study of the work of a telephone helpline for parents under stress, including physical and sexual abusers. It explores the anxieties which underlie all helping relationships as they emerged in the complex interaction between volunteers, their callers and professional workers, and examines the specific shape these anxieties take in relation to child abuse on the one hand and the constraints of telephone work on the other.


(1989). DEARNLEY, B. et al. Learning supervision: social work supervision in a local authority. London: Wandsworth Social Services Department. pp 74.
An account of ten years' work with supervisors, presenting a theoretical model and a consumer evaluation.


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. The psychological experience of parents and children in divorce. In Standing Committee for Interdisciplinary Co-operation in Family Proceedings: The training implications of the Children Act. Papers presented at a conference in Bristol, 3-4 November 1989.
The paper considers how the philosophy of the Act and some of its measures interact with what is known about the social and psychological impact of divorce on adults and children. A shortened version of the paper was published in Family Law in 1990 (Vol. 20. pp 263-66).


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. Marriage in the 1990s. Sexual and Marital Therapy, 5. No. 1, pp 25-38.
The paper (originally presented as one of a series of public lectures organised by the Tavistock Clinic) examines changes which have affected the social institution of marriage and how these impinge on the functions of the psychological institution which attempts to manage the often conflicting needs for security and development at a personal level.


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. (ed) Marriage, disillusion and hope: papers celebrating forty years of the Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies. London: Karnac Books/TIMS. pp 128.
Including contributions from Timothy Renton, Robin Skynner, David Clark and Barbara Dearnley, the book reviews the political, social, personal and therapeutic changes relevant to marriage between 1948 and 1988. Douglas Woodhouse describes the evolution of thinking and practice in the TIMS during that period in an organisational case study.


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. Divorce as bereavement: similarities and differences. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 28. No. 1, pp 19-22.
The paper compares the experience of losing a partner through death and divorce, summarising some of the psychological, social and economic factors that can combine to make recovery from divorce more problematic than from bereavement.


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. Training implications of the Children Act 1989: the 'check-list' and divorce proceedings. Family Law, 20. July, pp 263-66.
The first six items on the 'check-list', the guideline for defining the threshold of public intervention in the Children Act, are discussed in the light of current research knowledge and practice experience. Some implications for training are considered.


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. Violence et familles: gestion des conflits. Réalites Familiales, 16. October, pp 18-24.
A translation into French of the report from the Commission on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations meeting in Malta, May 1990. The report summarises ways in which violence manifests itself in family life, considering both the nature of violence and the changes affecting families. Four broad areas of conflict in family relations are discussed which may trigger violent responses: conservation and change, boundaries, balance of power and care and control.


(1990). CLULOW, C.F. Sexueller mißbrauch innerhalb der familia. Wege Zum Menschen, 42. No. 8, pp 496-503.
A translation into German of the report from the Commission on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations meeting in Exeter, England, June 1989. The report discusses some of the difficulties of measuring the incidence of child sexual abuse and explores why the subject has become a prominent issue at this point in time. Some reasons for and responses to the problem of child sexual abuse within the family are offered.


(1990). HUFFINGTON, C. and FISHER, J. The 'bringing forth' of learning. Context, Winter 1990/1991. No. 7, pp 22-7.
This dialogue explores an experience of attempting to teach 'systematically' on a two year introductory course in family therapy at the Tavistock Clinic. 'Teaching' is seen as the providing of an interactive context for learning by experience rather than as the imparting of information about something.


(1990). WOODHOUSE, D.W. Non-medical marital therapy: the growth of the Institute of Marital Studies. In Trist, E. and Murray, H. (eds) The social engagement of social science. Vol. 1. London: Free Association Books.
A review of the evolution of the Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies from its inception as the Family Discussion Bureau in 1948 to 1988. A history of organisational and conceptual development.